# Middle School Education

## All Middle School Resources

**Air Pollution Model (aerial)**

Explore the connections between point-source pollution, geography, and wind on regional air quality.**Air Pollution Model (cross-section)**

Explore the connections between pollution sources, weather, geography, and air quality.**Baggie Chemistry**

Household chemicals mixed in a baggie produce dramatic results.**Boiling Point**

This model allows you to explore why polar and non-polar substances have very different boiling points.**Build and Test a Model Solar House**

Construct and test the energy efficiency and solar heat gain of a cardboard model house.**Can We Feed the Growing Population?**

Explore the interconnected resources that make up our agricultural system as you consider food production.**Ceramic Forces**

Explore what happens when a force is exerted on a ceramic material.**Charged and Neutral Atoms**

Explore the role of charge in interatomic interactions.**Comparing Attractive Forces**

Explore different attractive forces between various molecules.**Comparing Dipole-Dipole to London Dispersion**

Investigate the difference in the attractive force between polar and non-polar molecules.**Competition**

Use a model to study the effect of a consumer (rabbits) on two species of producers (grass and weeds).**Conduction: Combine Heat Capacity and Conductivity**

This model shows the combined effects of heat capacity and conductivity.**Conduction: Heat Conduction Through Materials**

Observe the rate of heat flow through materials with different conductivities.**Conduction: The Effect of Temperature Difference**

Observe the effect of temperature difference on the flow of heat.**Conduction: The Effect of Wall Thickness on Heat Conduction**

Compare the flow of heat through different thicknesses of material.**Convection: Blowing Wind**

Observe the motion of air around and through a building when the wind is blowing.**Convection: Forced Convection**

Observe how forced convection can change an object’s surface temperature and cool it down rapidly.**Convection: Natural Convection**

This model illustrates the difference between conduction and convection in the transfer of heat.**Convection: Natural Convection Inverted**

This model shows how convection works when the heat source is at the top of a space rather than at the bottom.**Convection: Slow Down Convection**

This model explores how natural convection can be reduced with barriers.**Convection: The Stack Effect**

Observe the effect of leaks in the walls and roof on the air circulation in a heated house.**Describing Velocity**

Learn about velocity-time graphs and their connection to corresponding position-time graphs.**Dew Point**

Figure out the dew point temperature for your classroom.**Diffusion**

Investigate how the random motion and collisions of particles results in diffusion.**Diffusion Across a Semipermeable Membrane**

Explore the role of pore size in the diffusion of a substance across a membrane.**Diffusion and Molecular Mass**

Explore the role of a molecule's mass with respect to its diffusion rate.**Diffusion and Temperature**

Explore the role of temperature in the rate of diffusion of a substance.**Diffusion of a Drop**

Explore the random molecular motion of a dye in water.**DNA to Protein**

Explore how the code embedded in DNA is translated into a protein. DNA transcription and mRNA translation are modeled.**Earthquakes Around the World**

In this activity you will use a computer model to investigate earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.**Evaporative Cooler**

How can the cooling effect of evaporating water be used for air conditioning?**Exponential Decay**

Learn to use exponential decay equations and interpret graphs of real-world situations.**Exponential Growth**

Learn to use exponential functions to model several real-world situations.**Factors Affecting London Dispersion Attractions**

Explore the role of size and shape in the strength of London dispersion attractions.**Global Climate Change Model: Making Predictions About Future Climate**

Explore how changing human emissions may affect Earth's temperature in the future.**Graphing Exponential Equations**

Learn to graph exponential functions by connecting ordered pairs.**Graphing Quadratic Equations**

Students learn to graph a quadratic equation using the coordinates of the vertex of a parabola and its x-intercepts.**Greenhouse Effect in a Greenhouse**

Relate changes in sunlight to the temperature of air trapped in a container.**Greenhouse Light and Temperature**

By using a temperature sensor, we can relate changes in sunlight to the temperature of the air being trapped in a container.**Heat and Light from Electricity**

How does energy change from one form to another?**Heat Storage Depends on Size**

Measure how size affects the flow of heat energy from a warm to a cold object.**Heat Storage Depends on Specific Heat**

Measure how specific heat affects the flow of heat energy from a warm to a cold object.**How Fast Am I Moving?**

Investigate the relationship between slope and velocity on a position-time graph.**How Loud, How High?**

Explore the frequency, wavelength, amplitude and velocity of sound waves.**Hydraulic Fracturing Model**

Explore how hydraulic fracturing is used to extract oil and natural gas and how the process may affect local aquifers.**Hydrogen Bonds: A Special Type of Attraction**

Explore the polar molecule interactions known as hydrogen bonds.**Intermolecular Attractions and States of Matter**

Explore how states of matter are related to the strength of intermolecular attractions.**Inverses of Functions**

Learn to graph the inverses of a series of discrete and continuous functions.**Land Management Model**

Explore the effects of different land management strategies, terrain, and climate on erosion rate and soil quality.**Launching a Satellite**

Study how to fire something into space.**Leaf Photosynthesis**

This NetLogo model of leaf photosynthesis shows the macroscopic outcome of the reaction.**Linear Equations: Points, Intercepts, and Slopes, Oh My!**

Graph lines using the x- and y-intercepts of equations and when given an equation in point-slope form.**Linear Equations: Ski Slope**

Learn about the numeric representation of the slope of a line, including using rise and run to graph lines with a given slope.**Maintaining Steady Temperature**

Explore how temperature swings in a house can be moderated.**Making Waves**

Investigate the creation of different wave shapes.**Maria's Run**

Show that the motion of objects can be described by position, direction of motion, and speed.**Measuring Heat Transfer**

Observe and measure the flow of heat energy from a warm to a cold object.**Meiosis**

Learn how meiosis and fertilization shuffle the alleles that offspring inherit.**Melting Ice**

What is the temperature of ice as it melts?**Metal Forces**

Explore what happens when a force is exerted on a metallic material.**Modeling Transcription**

Explore how an mRNA copy is made of DNA.**Modeling Translation**

Explore how a protein is made from an mRNA sequence.**Molecular View of a Gas**

Explore the structure of a gas at the molecular level.**Molecular View of a Liquid**

Explore the structure of a liquid at the molecular level.**Molecular View of a Solid**

Explore the structure of a solid at the molecular level.**Motion on a Ramp**

Study the motion of an object as it moves up and down a ramp.**Motion Toward and Away**

Explore different ways of describing motion on a graph.**Mutations**

Explore how changing the DNA sequence can change the amino acid sequence of a protein.**Oil and Water**

Explore the interactions that cause water and oil to separate from a mixture.**Parachute and Terminal Velocity**

Explore the factors that affect an object’s speed as it falls through the atmosphere.**Pendulum**

Explore the factors that affect a pendulum's motion.**Pendulum and Spring**

Explore the motion of a pendulum suspended by a spring.**Phase Change**

Explore what happens at the molecular level during a phase change.**Planet Hunting Model**

Explore how a star's movement and light intensity are affected by an orbiting planet. Explore some characteristics of stars and planets that are important to habitability potential.**Plastic Forces**

Explore what happens when a force is exerted on a polymeric plastic material.**Polarity and Attractive Strength**

Explore the role of polarity in the strength of intermolecular attractions.**Protein Folding**

Explore how hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions cause proteins to fold into specific shapes.**Quadratic Functions in Vertex Form**

Learn to identify the vertex of a parabola from the vertex form of a quadratic function equation, and then graph the parabola.**Quadratic Word Problems Part 1**

Students solve two problems involving the motion of projectile objects, modeling the motion using quadratic equations.**Quadratic Word Problems Part 2**

Students solve two problems each involving the motion of projectile objects, modeling the motion using quadratic equations.**Radiant Energy Flow**

Explore the energy balance between incoming and outgoing radiation on the earth.**Relative Humidity Measurement**

Measure relative humidity in the air by comparing the wet bulb and dry bulb temperatures**Seeing Intermolecular Attractions**

Explore different types of attractions between molecules.**Seeing Motion**

Investigate simple, straight-line motion.**Solving Systems of Equations**

Write two equations using two variables, graph the equations, and relate their graph to the problem and the solution.**Spring Model**

Explore the factors that affect a spring's motion.**States of Matter**

How do the forces and attractions differ between the states of matter?**Sunlight, Infrared, CO2 and the Ground**

Explore how solar radiation interacts with Earth’s surface and atmosphere.**Systems of Equations Word Problems 1**

Learn to solve systems of linear equations while exploring two real-life scenarios.**Systems of Equations Word Problems 2**

Find solutions to two real-life scenarios by solving systems of linear equations.**The Temperature-Pressure Relationship**

Explore the relationship between the temperature of a gas and the pressure it exerts on its container.**The Temperature-Volume Relationship**

Explore the relationship between the temperature of a gas and its volume.**The Volume-Pressure Relationship**

Investigate the relationship between the volume of a gas and the pressure it exerts on its container.**Tire Forces**

Explore what happens when a force is exerted on a rubber tire.**Transformations of Functions 1: Translations**

Explore transforming a function by translation and learn how changing the function equation changes the function graph.**Transformations of Functions 2: Dilations**

Transform a function by dilation to see how changing the function changes the shape of the graph.**Transformations of Functions 3: Reflections**

Transform a function and learn how changing the function equation changes the shape of the graph.**Transformations of Functions 4: All Transformations**

Transform a function by changing its equation, and learn how changing a function equation changes the shape of the graph.**Vertical Temperature Gradients**

Explore the vertical temperature variations in a house due to natural convection.**Was Galileo Right?**

Explore the effect of gravity on objects of various mass during free fall.**Water Model**

Explore how water moves through Earth’s layers and determine whether wells can produce sustainable amounts of water while maintaining the health of the underlying aquifer.**Well and Poorly Insulated Houses**

Compare the heating of two houses with different insulation values.**What Are Our Energy Choices?**

Explore the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable and non-renewable sources to generate electricity.**What is Pressure?**

Explore pressure at the atomic level.**What Is the Future of Earth's Climate?**

Examine climate data and models to predict Earth's future climate.**Where Is the Most Heat Lost?**

Use movable thermometers to discover where a house has poor insulation.**Will the Air Be Clean Enough to Breathe?**

With more of the world becoming industrialized, will the air be clean enough to breathe?**Will There Be Enough Fresh Water?**

As the human population has grown, water use has increased. Explore water movement and predict water availability.**y=mx+b**

Graph a line using slope and y-intercept and identify the slope and y-intercept from a linear equation.