Earthquakes Around the World

In this activity you will use a computer model to investigate earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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Requirements

This activity requires the Windows program Seismic Eruptions. Download Seismic Eruptions for Windows.

Note: Seismic Eruption software only runs on Microsoft Windows. Windows run with Parallels or VM Ware on a Mac will also work.

Certain parts of the world are more susceptible to earthquake activity and volcanic eruptions than others. In this activity you will use a computer model to investigate the earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that have occurred around the world since 1960.

Launch Activity

WARNING: Your data will not be saved. To save data, run this activity as a registered user. You can register at the project portal. Please view the requirements below before launching this activity.

AAAS Benchmark Alignments (2008)

4. The Physical Setting

4C. Processes that Shape the Earth
  • 4C/M1. By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that the interior of the earth is hot. Heat flow and movement of material within the earth cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and create mountains and ocean basins. Gas and dust from large volcanoes can change the atmosphere.
  • 4C/M11** (BSL). By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that the outer layer of the earth-including both the continents and the ocean basins-consists of separate plates.
  • 4C/M12** (BSL). By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that the earth's plates sit on a dense, hot, somewhat melted layer of the earth. The plates move very slowly, pressing against one another in some places and pulling apart in other places, sometimes scraping alongside each other as they do. Mountains form as two continental plates, or an ocean plate and a continental plate, press together.
  • 4C/M13** (BSL). By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that there are worldwide patterns to major geological events (such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building) that coincide with plate boundaries.
  • 4C/H5. By the end of the 12th grade, students should know that earthquakes often occur along the boundaries between colliding plates, and molten rock from below creates pressure that is released by volcanic eruptions, helping to build up mountains. Under the ocean basins, molten rock may well up between separating plates to create new ocean floor. Volcanic activity along the ocean floor may form undersea mountains, which can thrust above the ocean's surface to become islands.

11. Common Themes

11B. Models
  • 11B/M1*. By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that models are often used to think about processes that happen too slowly, too quickly, or on too small a scale to observe directly. They are also used for processes that are too vast, too complex, or too dangerous to study.
  • 11B/M4** (BSL). By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that simulations are often useful in modeling events and processes.

Copyright
© Copyright The Concord Consortium

Record Link
<a href="">The Concord Consortium. Earthquakes Around the World. Concord: The Concord Consortium, 2011, August 24.</a>

AIP
Earthquakes Around the World (The Concord Consortium, Concord, 2011, August 24), WWW Document, (https://concord.org/).

AJP
Earthquakes Around the World (The Concord Consortium, Concord, 2011, August 24), WWW Document, (https://concord.org/).

APA
Earthquakes Around the World. (2011, August 24). Retrieved 2017, June 25, from The Concord Consortium: https://concord.org/

Disclaimer: The Concord Consortium offers citation styles as a guide only. We cannot offer interpretations about citations as this is an automated procedure.

Requirements

This activity runs entirely in a Web browser. Preferred browsers are: Google Chrome (versions 30 and above), Safari (versions 7 and above), Firefox (version 30 and above), Internet Explorer (version 10 or higher), and Microsoft's Edge.

This activity requires the Windows program Seismic Eruptions. Download Seismic Eruptions for Windows.

Note: Seismic Eruption software only runs on Microsoft Windows. Windows run with Parallels or VM Ware on a Mac will also work.

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Innovative Technology in Science InquiryThis resource is a part of the Concord Consortium's Innovative Technology in Science Inquiry project.

Grade Level
Middle School
Subject
Earth and Space Science
Focus Area
Modeling and Simulation
Rating
5
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